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The subject of this article appears in the Metro 2033 video game. The subject of this article appears in the Metro Last Light video game. The subject of this article appears in the Metro Exodus video game.

A makeshift air gun, surprisingly silent and accurate. Overpressurizing its tank increases power, but the extra pressure vents before long.

— Last Light in-game description

The Tihar (Russian: Тихарь), spelled Tikhar in Metro: Last Light and Metro Exodus, is a multi-stroke pneumatic air gun that was created from scrap by the Metro dwellers at some point after the Great War of 2013.


Despite some shortcomings in comparison with conventional firearms in use, the air guns seem popular in the Metro. With pre-war laws, limitations, or regulations no longer applicable and with parts readily available, weapons such as the Tihar are a popular alternative to actual firearms.

The Tihar is extremely quiet and is capable of silently bringing down enemies from surprisingly long ranges. It carries fifteen 15 mm ball bearings in a tubular spring-fed magazine. The ammunition is propelled by a cylinder of compressed air placed inside the stock of the gun, which attains its pressure by a handpump at the end of the handguard. A pressure gauge mounted on the right side of the weapon shows how much relative stopping power and distance the next shot will have, with each shot draining a small amount of air from the reservoir.

It's possible to overpressurise the cylinder for extra stopping power or range, but the extra air will leak out eventually and the gun will revert to normal power levels. In Metro: Last Light, it can be modified to stop the air from leaking. The sound of the gas leak will not alert the enemy of Artyom's position.

In Metro 2033, the first Tihar is available as early as the "Lost Tunnel" level. It can be looted from a corpse in the dead end side tunnel near the exit from Riga station.

MLL tihar side detail.png

In Metro: Last Light, it appears that the Tihar is being phased out by the new version "Tihar-M" ("M" stands for модернизирован, transliteral "modernizirovan", identical to English "modernization" and commonly used in Russian weapon designations), as indicated by the production markings. All versions of the gun that Artyom comes across were produced by "Blacksmith Prokhorov" in 2030, which is stamped on the side. Tihar-M's performance remains largely unchanged in comparison with Tihar from Metro 2033. Its biggest improvement is the wider range of customization options.

Tactics and Use[]

The Tihar has a wide variety of uses and is quite effective from the moment it's picked up. While its pneumatic firing mechanism requires constant pumping and causes the Tihar's damage to often become steadily weaker in pitched firefights, it is also effective in combat situations and has little trouble picking off enemies

In emergency situations, the Tihar can fire rapidly - while this depletes its comparatively small magazine, and causes it to depressurise quickly, this feature can, if fully-pumped, cause considerable damage, making it quite effective when used indoors or at close-range.

The Tihar's damage is directly tied to its pressure; if fully-pressurised, the Tihar's shots cause heavy damage and can bring down a watcher in a single body shot.

This works both ways, however; if its pressure is too low, the Tihar is functionally ineffective, firing pellets that lack penetration power and have no capability to deal damage to a target. Because of this, it should be fully pumped at all times or at least, keep the pressure meter above 6.

A sign that the Tihar is pressurised is a sound of gas leaking and the pressure meter arrow is moving up and down quickly. The Tihar at this point also has greater power and accuracy; it can usually kill with a single shot to the chest, making it easier to dispatch enemies wearing helmets or gas masks. The amount of the pressure seems not to affect the dropping effect of the ball bearings, however, even the gauge is below 6, the Tihar is still moderately accurate.

As with the Helsing and the Volt Driver, when first found or exchanged, the Tihar will need to be charged before it can be used.

The Tihar, like the Helsing, hisses softly when over-pressurised. This hissing can be heard by enemies and can reveal your location if Atryom gets too close. Bear this in mind and keep a distance to maximize the Tihar's capabilities for stealth.

One issue with the Tihar is that the glass in its scope is somewhat cloudy and may cause problems with target definition, so those looking for a sniper-esque weapon may want to reconsider using the Tihar. A weapon equipped with the PK-AV scope may be better. The scope is not recommended for low-performance systems, as using it is known to cause lag.

Tihar scope isometric M2033.png The Tihar faces some competition for its role as a suppressed weapon from the VSV, revolver with silencer, scope and stock, the Kalash 2012 with a silencer and scope, and perhaps, the Helsing. The Tihar sets itself apart from these guns in a few ways; it is, by default quiet, does not require valuable 5.45mm rounds, has considerably better single-shot punch than the Kalash 2012 or revolver when fully charged, and is generally easier to use than the Helsing. Its ammunition is the cheapest on offer so it does not cost a lot to run one.

The Helsing is the Tihar's true rival, weapon-slot wise; both guns are pneumatic. The Helsing fires arrows while the Tihar fires small pellets. Also, there is chance Helsing's arrows can be recovered. The Tihar makes up for this though as its ammunition is the cheapest to exchange at kiosks. The ball bearings are also more common to find than arrows. In Metro: Last Light, the Tihar is similar in function, yet the gun and its ammo are not as common. Ammo for it should be purchased whenever visiting ammo vendors if intending to keep it, as it's a good weapon in stealth-based levels, without the need to purchase a silencer.

The Tihar faces some competition with Volt Driver as well; both use the same kind of ammunition and when charged to full power, they are both lethal to most enemies. Both are capable of sniping as well, though the Tihar is more accurate by a small margin. The Volt Driver, however, is considered to be more versatile, accepts more attachments and is easier to use. The Tihar's biggest advantage over the Volt Driver is the weapon's low price tag and more common, and the fact that the Tihar is completely silent, unlike the Volt Driver.

Variants and Customization[]

Metro: Last Light[]

The Tikhar has two attachment slots and five available attachments in total. Attachments in the Misc slot can be equipped both at once, so the Tikhar can have up to three different attachments at the same time.

Available attachments
Slot Icon Name Effect Description
LL Optics Upgrade Slot.png
LL Reflex Sight Upgrade.png Reflex sight Range +25%
Accuracy +25%
This pre-war sight makes aiming the gun at close and medium range easier, without sacrificing much of the field of view.
LL x2 Sight Upgrade.png 2x sight Range +50%
Accuracy +25%
This pre-war optical sight facilitates weapon aiming at medium range but limits the field of view, making it hard to use in the confines of tunnels.
LL NV Sight Upgrade.png IR sight Range +50%
Accuracy +25%
A piece of pre-war military tech, this Night Vision sight allows for precisely hitting targets in the dark.
LL Extra Upgrade Slot.png
LL Airtight Valve Upgrade.png Airtight valve Doesn't lose air if overpressurized The air bottle fitted with this high-quality valve of pre-war make does not leak air even when overpressurized.
LL Laser Upgrade.png Laser sight Accuracy +25% A pre-war laser sight facilitates aiming the weapon at close range, making precise snapshots easy to achieve.

Metro Exodus[]

The Tikhar shares stock upgrades with Valve and some sights and gadgets with other weapons, but most upgrades are unique to this weapon. Instead of upgrading the barrel, one can make changes to its pneumatic system, either increasing its efficiency or making it to auto-refill. It is even possible to replace the pneumatic system with a railgun mechanism, which essentially turns the weapon into a Volt Driver and increases the damage enormously, making most enemies a one-shot kill. With this upgrade, the Tikhar is can be a rather effective weapon, boasting huge damage, fast rate of fire and cheap ammunition that can be crafted on the go. To balance it out, this upgrade is only available in the last level, "The Dead City. After finishing the game, however, and starting a new playthrough in New Game +, the Railgun upgrade can be equipped right from the start.

List of upgrades
Slot Icon Name Effect Description
Upgrade Stock Icon.png
Pneumatic Light Stock.png Light grip and forend None (default) Light grip built of readily available materials allows its user to shoot safely.
Valve Assault Stock.png Assault stock, grip and forend Stability +1 Handmade light stock. Slightly reduces recoil.
Valve Sniper Stock.png Sniper stock, grip and forend Stability +3 Sniper wooden stock that looks like it was salvaged from a professional rifle. Greatly reduces recoil.
Valve Heavy Stock.png Heavy stock Stability +6 A piece of pipe fashioned into a stock. Significantly increases weapon stability.
Upgrade Mechanism Icon.png
Tihar Standard Pneumatic.png Standard pneumatic system None (default) Makeshift hand operated air pump. Works well, but quickly loses air if the pressure is above normal.
Tihar Airtight Pneumatic.png Airtight pneumatic system Doesn't lose air if overpressurized Airtight pneumatic system works pretty much as standard but doesn't lose air if the pressure is above normal.
Tihar Auto Pneumatic.png Automatic pneumatic system Automatically refills air slowly Automatic system constantly adds air to system when pressure is below normal level. You can still use hand pump system.
Tihar Railgun.png Railgun Damage +17 Linear electromagnetic system imparting a very high acceleration to its projectiles. Has higher capacity compared to the pneumatic system.
Upgrade Sight Icon.png
Tihar Iron Sight.png Iron sights Aim with iron sights Standard sight used to assist in aiming.
Reflex Sight.png Reflex sight Iron sight replaced with reflex sight This pre-war sight makes aiming the gun at close and medium range easier, without sacrificing much of the field of view.
NV Sight.png NV scope Iron sight replaced with night vision scope This night-vision scope allows for accurate placement of shots even in complete darkness.
X6 sight.png Scope x6 Iron sight replaced with x6 scope This sniper sight allows easy aiming at extremely long distances, but significantly limits the field of view.
Upgrade Mag Icon.png
Tihar Small Mag.png Tube magazine 9-round magazine / 3 capsules This small makeshift magazine can hold up to 9 steel balls or 3 capsules.
Tihar Standard Mag.png Rotor magazine 18-round magazine / 6 capsules
Stability -2
Cylindric magazine can hold 18 steel balls or 6 capsules.
Tihar Extended Mag.png Horizontal magazine 27-round magazine / 9 capsules
Stability -3
Extended version of tube magazine that can hold 27 steel balls or 9 capsules.
Tihar Huge Mag.png Helical magazine 36-round magazine / 12 capsules
Stability -4
Auger magazine using a rotating helical screw to hold up to 36 steel balls or 12 capsules.
Upgrade Gadget Icon.png
Other slot empty.png No gadget None (default) Less gadgets, less problems.
Red Laser.png Red laser Crosshair replaced with red laser dot Made from a cheap laser pointer that was heavily modified to increase power output at the cost of reliability.
Green Laser.png Green laser Crosshair replaced with green laser dot High visibility laser sight reassembled in a custom-made body along with a bunch of modifications.
Extra IR Laser.png Infrared laser Crosshair replaced with IR laser dot with NV active The IR laser sight's invisible beam produces a very small dot on the target, which is only detectable with a night vision device.


Metro 2033[]

Tihar sideview M2033.png Tihar:
  • Can be found during Lost Tunnels, near the beginning.
  • Can be found during Dead City 1, in the ranger cache.
  • Can be found during Dead City 2, in a dumpster.
  • Can be found in a broken train car during Frontline.
  • Can be found in Defense.
  • Can be found during Black Station, in several wooden caches.
Tihar scope sideview M2033.png Tihar with Scope:
  • Can be purchased from vendors in Market, Armory, and Hole Station.

Metro: Last Light[]

Facility – After entering the large room with the waterwheel, proceed to the bottom of the staircase. To the left is a set of lockers containing a Tikhar with x2 Scope attachment.

Revolution – After the room with the armoured train, Artyom will enter a room that will become filled with gas as part of an equipment test (requires gasmask). On the right side of the room is a ladder that lets one to cross the room by walking on pipes to get to the catwalks the left side of the room. Cross over to find a Tikhar with IR scope attachement on a crate to the left.

Contagion – At the beginning of the level, in the room where the firing squad executes infected civilians, on a table along with a box containing NV goggles, is a Tikhar with reflex sight, laser sight and airtight valve upgrades.

Depot – In the room at the top of the stairs where Artyom has a second encounter with Red soldiers (after the baby Dark One opens the door) there is a locker halfway along the right side of the room holding a Tikhar with x2 scope.

In the Chronicles Pack level, "Pavel", one with no attachments can be found upon entering the kitchen with the bandit practicing with his knife.

Related Achievements/Trophies[]

Metro 2033[]

Ach-Air gunner.jpg Air Gunner 30 Game points.png
Kill 30 enemies using pneumatic weapons.

AirBender.jpg Air Bender 20 Game points.png
Kill 30 humans with only pneumatic weapons.

Weaponsmith.jpg Weaponsmith (Metro 2033) 40 Game points.png
Kill at least one enemy with each weapon available in the game.

Metro 2033 Redux[]

2033R Achievement Air Bender Icon.png Air Bender Bronze Trophy Icon.png / 15 Game points.png
Kill 50 humans with pneumatic weapons.

Metro: Last Light[]

LL Achievement Gunslinger Icon.png Gunslinger Bronze Trophy Icon.png / 15 Game points.png
Kill at least one Enemy with each Weapon available in the game.

Metro Exodus[]

ME Achievement Silent Marksman Icon.png Silent Marksman Bronze Trophy Icon.png / 15 Game points.png
Kill 30 enemies with Tikhar.

ME Achievement Professional Icon.png Professional Bronze Trophy Icon.png / 15 Game points.png
Make at least one kill with every ranged weapon.


  • The word Tihar (Russian: Тихарь) means "silent one".
  • In Metro 2033, it is spelled Tihar. In Metro: Last Light and Metro Exodus, however, it's spelled Tikhar. This is due to there being no literal translation of the Russian name -Тихарь, as the Cyrillic 'x' is not exactly the same as an English 'h'. Although it's common to use 'kh' as a different romanization, neither is incorrect.
  • The Tihar has a pressure gauge that is easier to check than that of the Helsing.
  • The unique scope is actually "open optics" - a line of three aperture glass sights, which also accommodate compensation for pressure dependent bullet drop.
  • The three lenses of the scope appear to be backwards compared to reality, where a larger objective lens normally gathers light into a focus closer to a smaller eyepiece. The lenses could however have unusual non-convex shapes that change the focal point correctly.
  • One way to gain a lot of military ammo is to sell the Volt Driver found when fighting the bandits, with Bourbon for a Tihar with a scope in Market Station.
  • In the concept art of the Tihar, it appeared as it was originally to be equipped with a PK-AV sniper scope.
  • Despite being fairly common, a Tihar is never used by NPCs during gameplay. The intro cutscene, however, shows a soldier armed with one at the VDNKh fortifications.
  • If Artyom is left idle with the Tihar equipped, he will examine the weapon and fiddle with the front sight on the gun.
  • Many would believe this gun is technically a silenced sniper rifle, frankly because of its range and none already existing in the game without DLC, but it is more of a carbine because of firing speed and lacking penetration power. Also, the ball bearings may bounce off and remove armor.
  • Given the shape of the front grip and stock, the Tihar could have been built from a VSV.


  • The Tihar's scope can be hard to use at medium or lower resolutions, as the cross-hair lines are extremely thin, resulting in them "disappearing between the pixels"
  • The Tihar's scope may cause delays when used, making it very difficult to aim.
  • In Metro Last Light Redux, if the Tikhar is equipped with a Laser Sight attachment, the laser dot will be misaligned, pointing a little bit to right and down from the center of the screen.